The references below were provided by Dr. Dennis Brown in his recent Responsible Conduct of Research lecture at Schepens entitled Image manipulation in research: Is a picture still worth 1000 words?

  1. What's in a picture? The temptation of image manipulation. Rossner, M. and Yamada, K. The Journal of Cell Biology. 166, 11-15, 2004

  2. Rossner, M. How to guard against image fraud. The Scientist, p24 - 25, March 2006.

  3. JBC Editorial Feb. 15, 2007
    Photoshop: Friend or Fraud?

  4.  J Clin Invest Editorial, Vol 117: p2736, Oct 1, 2007
    Navigating through the gray (and CMYK) areas of figure manipulation: rules at the JCI

  5. Sci. Eng. Ethics 16: 639, 2010
    Avoiding twisted pixels. Douglas W. Cromey.

    Full text available through the Countway library

  6. The Piltdown Man Hoax